Due to their significantly larger size and weight, trucks involved in accidents are more likely to cause more severe physical damage, more acute injuries, and a higher likelihood of fatalities. Common injuries include head and brain injuries ranging from penetrating wounds to concession, neck injuries, amputation of limbs either in the accident itself or because of substantial injury, broken bones, fractured skull, internal organ damage, and traumatic brain injury. All of these injuries or a fatality can be catastrophic for the victim or their family and cause great strain when added to filing a claim for the accident. Seeking out the help of a truck accident attorney will allow you and your loved ones to focus on the challenges of recovery.Truck accident lawyers

Needing to determine the cause of the accident can further complicate seeking compensation for a truck accident. Accidents involving large trucks can be caused by a number of factors in addition to the ones associated with passenger vehicle collisions. Like with all collisions, truck accidents can be caused by speeding, distracted drivers, drunk driving, and bad weather. They can also be the result of improperly packed cargo, a tire blows out, exhausted drivers, brakes or a hitch giving out, poor or negligent maintenance, or inadequate training the driver received.

The Texas Department of Transportation and the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) enforce laws and issue regulations related to trucking and knowing if any violation of those laws occurred will critical when filing a claim for a trucking collision. More here @
Given all the potential causes of a trucking accident, it can be extremely difficult to determine what parties should be held responsible for the collision. Responsible parties may include the driver, the trucking company, the maintenance provider, the company who hired the truck, and possibly the company that trained the driver. It might be necessary for anyone filing a personal injury or wrongful death claim to consult with experts on the trucking industry to determine which groups are culpable for the accident. Hiring a law firm with experience in expert testimony, trucking industry practices, and personal injury or wrongful death claims will help ensure that the proper organizations are held responsible.

Our Firm is the Smart Choice
When choosing a truck accident attorney, it is important to choose a firm with a history of successful outcomes and one that is respected by their peers and the business community. We have helped victims claim over $100 million dollars in compensation and were selected as Super Lawyers for several years now. We have the highest rating for ethics and legal skills and the Better Business Bureau gives us an A+. If you would like to speak with a truck accident lawyer at our firm and receive an honest, free assessment of your case, call our office today. Click on this link for more information about truck accidents @

Carabin Shaw P.C.
630 Broadway St, San Antonio, TX 78215




About Braces

Eating with Braces
For the first day or so, stick to soft foods. Avoid tough meats, hard breads, and raw vegetables. Before long, you’ll be able to return to a fairly normal diet. But you’ll need to protect your orthodontic appliances when you eat for as long as you’re in treatment. Eating the wrong foods during orthodontic treatment could cause unnecessary breakage of your appliances, thus adding additional treatment time..orthodontics treatment

Foods to Avoid
Chewy foods: bagels, hard rolls, licorice
Crunchy foods: popcorn, ice, chips
Sticky foods: caramels, gum
Hard foods: nuts, candy
Foods you have to bite into corn on the cob, apples, carrots

Chewing on hard things (for example, pens, pencils or fingernails) can damage the braces. Damaged braces will cause treatment to take longer.

General Soreness
The day your braces are placed, your teeth may have some general soreness. They may also feel tender to biting pressures for three to five days. We recommend taking Motrin or Ibuprofen to help relieve this discomfort. Your lips, cheeks, and tongue may also become irritated as the inside of your mouth becomes accustomed to the surface of the braces. Placing wax over the braces will soften those surfaces and allow your mouth more time to adjust to your new braces.

Patient Cooperation
To successfully complete orthodontic treatment, it is imperative that the patient and their orthodontist work together. The teeth and jaws can only move toward their corrected positions if the patient consistently wears rubber bands, headgear or other appliances as prescribed. It is by far… a “team effort”.

It’s more important than ever to brush and floss regularly when you have braces so the teeth and gums are healthy after orthodontic treatment. Patients who do not keep their teeth clean may require more frequent visits to the dentist for a professional cleaning. Adults who have a history of gum disease should also see a periodontist during orthodontic treatment.

Along with brushing your teeth and braces, it is extremely important that you floss your teeth at least once a day. Your toothbrush can only clean the fronts and backs of your teeth, not in between as flossing does.A great time to do this is right before bed, after you have brushed your teeth.orthodontic treatment

Brushing: Step 1
Using a dry brush with a small amount of toothpaste place bristles where gums and teeth meet.

Brushing: Step 2
For 10 seconds on each tooth use circular, vibrating motions around the gum lines.

Brushing: Step 3
Every tooth of both arches should be brushed slowly.

Brushing: Step 4
Brush the lower teeth from gum line up and the upper teeth from the gum line down. Brush the roof of your mouth and your tongue too!

Flossing: Step 1
Carefully thread unwaxed floss between braces and wire. You may find a floss threader helpful.

Flossing: Step 2
Carefully floss around the braces.

Flossing: Step 3
Carefully floss around the gum areas.

Flossing: Step 4
Carefully floss around each tooth.

If you play sports, it’s important that you consult us for special precautions. A protective mouthguard is advised for playing contact sports. In case of any accident involving the face, check your mouth and the appliances immediately. If teeth are loosened or the appliances damaged, phone at once for an appointment. In the meantime, treat your discomfort as you would treat any general soreness. More information about Orthodontic treatment in San Antonio


With the abundance of information about orthodontic braces on the Internet, patients usually come into my office already having many ideas about braces. Nevertheless, what they have heard from friends or read online is not always accurate. Here are the top ten myths about braces and orthodontics.

1. My wisdom teeth are making my teeth crooked – You may think that wisdom teeth cause crowding. However, there is very little evidence to support the fact that wisdom teeth cause crowding. If this was true, then your teeth would never get crowded after your wisdom teeth were extracted. In fact, people who never developed wisdom teeth or who had their wisdom teeth removed may still see their teeth get crooked over time. Teeth just tend to drift forward over time regardless of whether or not you have wisdom teeth.orthodontics More information here

2. Braces have to hurt or feel tight to work- No pain no gain right? Well, not exactly. In the old days, only stiff wires were available. When tied to the dental braces, these stiff wires exerted heavy forces leading to more pain and discomfort for the patient. Now, with new technologies and flexible wires, there is significantly less discomfort associated with tooth movement. These days, you can have straight teeth with minimal discomfort. However, there are always some patients that complain about not having any pain because they think that without pain, their teeth are not moving. Remember, “It does not have to hurt to work!”

3. The tighter the better- A common comment I get from patients is, “Make it tighter, doc. I want to get my braces off faster!” You may think that tighter adjustments and heavier forces will move your teeth faster. While a certain level of force is necessary to move teeth, a force level that is too high may start to damage the bone and surrounding tissues. Orthodontics is a delicate balance of forces. Too much force may cause some teeth to move the wrong way and increase overall time you need braces.

4. Wires need to be changed every visit- Super-elastic wires of the present day can be bent into all different shapes and still spring back into their nice U-shaped form. If you have crooked teeth, the super-elastic wire can be connected to your crooked teeth and provide a steady light force to straighten them without needing to change the wire very often. With the limited wires of the old orthodontia days, if a wire was used that put too much pressure on a tooth, the bracket would either pop off the tooth or the wire would be permanently deformed and not move your teeth at all! That is why in the old days, orthodontic patients got many wires with incrementally higher stiffness, and these wires were changed more frequently.orthodontist

5. Only braces can straighten my teeth- Not necessarily. With new technology, it is now possible to have straight teeth without ever having to wear braces! Invisalign clear aligners are the most popular way to straighten teeth without braces. However, before you get too excited, know that Invisalign does have its limitations. For example, Invisalign may not be the best orthodontic option for fixing some bite problems or severely crooked teeth. The best way to see if Invisalign can straighten your teeth is to find an Invisalign orthodontist and schedule a consultation.

6. Once I get my braces off, my teeth will stay straight forever- Getting your teeth straight and your bite right is just half the battle. Keeping your teeth straight after getting your braces off is the rest of the battle. Teeth are connected to the bone by elastic fibers. As the teeth are moved into their new straightened positions, some elastic fibers are stretched and others are compressed. After your braces are removed, these elastic fibers will tend to push and pull your teeth back towards their original position. That is why retainers are required when braces are removed to keep your teeth straight.

7. Any overbite is bad – If I had a dollar for every time a new patient complained of having an overbite, only to be told that their overbite is normal, if could probably have bought a car by now. The point is that many patients think that having a mild overbite is a bad thing and this is wrong. People with zero overbite (whose teeth bite together in the front) actually start wearing down their front teeth over time. So a small overbite actually protects the front teeth from wearing down. Of course, a large overbite can be problematic so a small overbite of only two to three millimeters is ideal.

8. The date that I am supposed to get my braces off is set in stone – When patients are told before treatment that they will be in dental braces for a certain number of years, it is very easy to focus on that date. Usually, an orthodontist can judge from his or her experience what the typical time frame is to finish treatment. However this depends on many factors. Some factors that would slow down treatment include: broken braces, not brushing well, not coming in for regular appointments, and having dense bone. If you want to get your braces off on time, make sure you co-operate by brushing and flossing well, wearing your elastics, and showing up for your regular appointments.

9. It is easy to transfer or switch orthodontists- Though it may just look like braces and wires to you, every orthodontist uses slightly different wires, brackets, and appliances. Sometimes, the wires that one orthodontist uses would not even fit in the braces that another orthodontist uses. Each orthodontist also has his or her own technique in treating each case. For example, in creating that beautiful smile, some orthodontists may focus on correcting a bite problem first while other orthodontists may focus on straightening the teeth first. Sorting out the finances is another difficult part of switching orthodontists because different offices structure their payment plans in different ways. If you switch orthodontists, you probably will end up paying more money than if you had just stayed with one orthodontist.orthodontics treatment

10. Headgear is old school – You may think that headgears are only seen in old movies. However, headgears are still used in many orthodontic offices to correct overbite problems. The reason that headgears are still used is that they work…when worn. The good news for you anti-headgear wearers is that many orthodontists now use other ways besides headgears to correct overbites. If you have a large overbite and do not want to wear a headgear, contact our office